We are celebrating the 100th anniversary (1920-2020) of Women gaining the Right to Vote. Posts throughout the month will honor and tell some of the stories of events and the women who fought so long and so hard for women’s suffrage.
Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906)
Susan B Anthony was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17.
In 1851, she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, who became her lifelong friend and co-worker in social reform activities, primarily in the field of women's rights.
In 1863, they founded the Women's Loyal National League and conducted the largest petition drive in US history to that time, collecting nearly 400,000 signatures in support of the abolition of slavery.
In 1866, they initiated the American Equal Rights Association, which campaigned for equal rights for both women and African Americans.
In 1868, they began publishing a women's rights newspaper called The Revolution and in 1869, they founded the National Woman Suffrage Association.
In 1872, Anthony was arrested for voting in her hometown of Rochester, New York, and convicted in a widely publicized trial. She refused to pay the fine.
In 1878, Anthony & Stanton arranged for Congress to be presented with an amendment giving women the right to vote. Often called the Susan B. Anthony Amendment, it was ratified the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution in 1920.
When first campaigning for women's rights, Anthony was harshly ridiculed and accused of trying to destroy the institution of marriage. Public perception of her changed radically during her lifetime. Her 80th birthday was celebrated in the White House and she became the first female citizen depicted on U.S. coinage when her portrait appeared on the 1979 dollar coin. Women’s suffrage was her life’s work. She died 14 years before the 19th Amendment passed.
When preparing for our Back to Blue event, which was eventually canceled, Barb Davis did a great deal of research on the women and men in the women's suffrage movement. We wanted to share the stories and thank Barb for her research, as we celebrate the 100th anniversary of the 19th Amendment.